National Education Policy 2020 : 10 Key Highlights Of NEP PRATHMIK GURU: National Education Policy 2020 : 10 Key Highlights Of NEP



Saturday 31 July 2021

National Education Policy 2020 : 10 Key Highlights Of NEP

National Education Policy 2020 : 10 Key Highlights Of NEP

National Education Policy 2020 : The Union cabinet in July 2020 approved the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, which aims at universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level. National Education Policy 2020, which will replace the National Policy on Education-1986, is an inclusive framework focusing on the elementary-level of education to higher education in the country.

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National Education Policy 2020 
National Education Policy 2020 
National Education Policy 2020
National Education Policy 2020 Gujarati
National Education Policy 2020 

National Education Policy(NEP) 2020 Universal high-quality education is the best way forward for developing and maximizing our country’s rich talents and resources for the good of the individual, the society, the country, and the world. India will have the highest population of young people in the world over the next decade, and our ability to provide high-quality educational opportunities to them will determine the future of our country.

The global education development agenda reflected in the Goal 4 (SDG4) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by India in 2015 – seeks to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all” by 2030. Such a lofty goal will require the entire education system to be reconfigured to support and foster learning, so that all of the critical targets and goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development can be achieved.

National Education Policy 2020 

1. Schooling will start at the age of 3 years

Earlier, schooling was mandatory for children between the age of 6 and 14 years. However, under the National Education Policy (NEP 2020), education will be compulsory for children between the age of 3 and 18 years.

2. 5+3+3+4 curricular and teaching structure

The new National Education Policy aims to shift from decades-old 10+2 format to a 5+3+3+4 system, keeping in mind a child’s development and capabilities. Click here to understand the 5+3+3+4 format under NEP 2020.

3. Emphasis on mother tongue as medium of instruction

The National Education Policy puts emphasis on a child’s mother tongue as the medium of instruction. However, The NEP only recommends the mother tongue as a medium of instruction; it has not been made compulsory. The policy states that children learn and grasp non-trivial concepts more quickly in their mother tongue.


“Wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language, mother tongue, local language or the regional language. Thereafter, the home or local language shall continue to be taught as a language wherever possible. This will be followed by both public and private schools,” the policy states.

4. Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)

Early childhood care and education is more than the preparation for primary school. It aims at the holistic development of a child’s social, emotional, cognitive and physical needs in order to build a solid and broad foundation for lifelong learning and well-being. Anganwadis and pre-schools will have teachers and Anganwadi workers trained in the ECCE pedagogy and curriculum. The planning and implementation of ECCE will be carried out jointly by the ministries of education, women and child development (WCD), health and family welfare (HFW), and tribal affairs.

National Education Policy 2020

5. No rigid separation between Science, Arts and Commerce streams

Under the National Education Policy, there will be no stiff separation between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams. Students can select subjects of their liking across

6. Internships and vocational education from Class 6

The NEP 2020 states that vocational education will start in schools from the 6th grade and will include internships.

7. Focus on attaining foundational literacy and numeracy

A National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy will be set up by the education ministry. By 2025, states will prepare an implementation plan for attaining universal foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools for all students by grade 3.

8. Board exams to have low stakes

Board exams for Grades 10 and 12 will be “redesigned” and a new National Assessment Centre, Parakh (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development), will be set up as a standard-setting body. The changes in the board structure which seek to make the exams a test of “core competencies” will be implemented from the 2021 academic session.

9. Reduction in curriculum to core concepts

The policy states that curricular content will be reduced to enhance essential learning and critical thinking and greater focus will be on experiential learning.

10. Education of gifted children

Emphasis will be given on socially and economically disadvantaged groups (SEDGs), which include gender, socio-cultural, and geographical identities and disabilities. This includes setting up of the gender inclusion fund and also special education zones for disadvantaged regions. The policy states that children with disabilities will be able to attend regular school from the foundational stage to higher education, with support of educators with cross-disability training and technology-based tools tailored to suit their needs.

National Education Policy 2020 Gujarati

રાષ્ટ્રીય શિક્ષણનીતિ, 2020 ભારતીય લોકો, તેમની પરંપરાઓ, સંસ્કૃતિઓ, ભાષાઓની વિવિધતાને ધ્યાનમાં રાખતાં ઝડપભેર બદલતા સમાજની જરૂરતોના આધારે તૈયાર કરાઇ છે.
ઈ-પાઠયક્રમ ક્ષેત્રીય ભાષાઓમાં વિકસિત કરાશે. વર્ચ્યુઅલ લેબ વિકસિત કરવામાં આવી રહી છે અને એક રાષ્ટ્રીય શૈક્ષણિક ટેકનોલોજી ફોરમ (એનઇટીએફ) બનાવવામાં આવી રહ્યું છે.
સરકારે નવી શિક્ષણ નીતિ અંતર્ગત જીડીપીના 4.43 ટકા જેટલા ખર્ચ સામે શિક્ષણ પાછળ થતો ખર્ચ વધારીને 6 ટકા કરવાનું લક્ષ્ય નિર્ધારિત કર્યું છે. અમેરિકાનાં નેશનલ સાયન્સ ફાઉન્ડેશનની તર્જ ઉપર ભારતમાં નેશનલ રિસર્ચ ફાઉન્ડેશનની સ્થાપના થશે. જે મોટા પ્રોજેક્ટ માટે ધિરાણ પણ ઉપલબ્ધ કરાવશે.
બાળકોનાં રિપોર્ટ કાર્ડમાં હવે લાઇફ સ્કિલ્સ પણ જોડાશે. અત્યાર સુધી આવી કોઈ વ્યવસ્થા નહોતી.
પાઠયક્રમોમાં ભારતીય જ્ઞાન પદ્ધતિઓનો સમાવેશ માટે રાષ્ટ્રીય શિક્ષણ આયોગ રચાશે
વર્ષ 2020માં રાષ્ટ્રીય પરીક્ષા એજન્સી દ્વારા ઉચ્ચ શિક્ષણ સંસ્થાઓમાં પ્રવેશ માટે સામાન્ય પ્રવેશ પરીક્ષાની ઓફર આપવામાં આવશે પણ તે અનિવાર્ય નહીં રહે.
શાળાકીય શિક્ષણમાં 10+2ની પ્રણાલી સમાપ્ત. હવે નવી શિક્ષણ નીતિમાં 10+2નાં સ્થાને ૫+૩+3+4નાં ફોર્મેટનો સ્વીકાર કરવામાં આવ્યો છે.
તેનો અર્થ એવો થાય કે પ્રથમ પાંચ વર્ષનાં શિક્ષણમાં વર્ષ પ્રી-પ્રાઈમરી અને ધો.1-2 સહિતનું પાયાનું સ્ટેજ રહેશે. ત્યારબાદ ત્રણ –ત્રણ વર્ષનાં બે પ્રાથમિક સ્તર એટલે કે ધો.3થી પનું સ્તર અને ધો.6થી 8નાં ત્રણ તબક્કામાં વિભાજિત થશે. ત્યારબાદ માધ્યમિકનાં 4 વર્ષમાં ધો.9થી 12નો સમાવેશ થશે.